When the raw data obtained from an experiment is too noisy and you need to smooth-en it to better represent the trend, you need to calculate the
moving average . Moving average is nothing but average of
n previous numbers, with a specific step size. Let me give an example: if there are 100 numbers, then moving average is calculated by averaging 1-15, 2-16, 3-17 and so on. Here, the n is 15 and step size is 1.
The R script to do this:
datain <- read.table("input.txt", header=1)
field2 = datain[,2]
coef15 = 1/15
mvavg15 = filter(field2, rep(coef15, 15), sides=1)
plot(mvavg15, type="l", main="Plot Title", xlab="X label", ylab="Y label")
Here, the data is assumed to be 2 column, first with serial number and second with value.
One useful feature in bash is that you can recall previously used commands (using arrow keys). You can also recursively search your history by pressing
Ctrl + r and typing the command name, which brings up the matching commands. It will also lets you cycle through all matching commands by pressing
Ctrl + r repeatedly. This is only helpful, if your history file is big. By default,
$HISTFILE holds only limited number of entries (1000 lines or commands). You can easily hack it, so that you can store unlimited number of entries. Simply follow these steps:
First, in your
.bashrc file, set these variables
This will make your history file unlimited! Other useful feature that you can use is setting
$HISTTIMEFORMAT variable. This will write time stamps in the history file, marked with the history comment character, so they may be preserved across shell sessions.
export HISTTIMEFORMAT="[%F %T] "
Now start making a never ending history!